|National Heritage List||Register of the National Estate||Victorian Heritage Register|
|National Trust Register||Endangered Places List||Heritage at Risk - Top 10|
National Heritage ListAdded to the List in 2005.
The National Heritage List is the highest heritage list in Australia. In November 2005 Cerberus was added to the National Heritage List. This recognised Cerberus as having "outstanding heritage significance to Australia".
Summary: Cerberus was deemed to have met the following criteria.
Cerberus was co-nominated for the National Heritage List by Friends of the Cerberus and the National Trust of Australia (Victoria). David Moloney from the National Trust and Ross Anderson from Heritage Victoria made invaluable contributions and complemented our own approach.
Details: Cerberus was deemed to have met the following criteria.
|(a) the place has outstanding heritage value to the nation because of the place's importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia's natural or cultural history.|
The HMVS Cerberus is important as evidence of the development of Australia as a nation and as part of the British Empire. The British Parliament passed the Colonial Naval Defence Act 1865 giving the colonies the power to make laws to provide for their own naval defence. The construction of HMVS Cerberus (1867-1870) reflects a period in Australia's history when the colonies were thought vulnerable to coastal attack and invasion. This was especially felt by Victoria, the wealthiest colony, and from which, a significant amount of the wealth from the goldfields was exported.
|(b) the place has outstanding heritage value to the nation because of the place's possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Australia's natural or cultural history.|
The HMVS Cerberus was one of only three vessels of its exact type ever built, and is the only surviving example of this type of vessel in the world. It is the only substantially intact, surviving warship of Australia's pre-Federation colonial navies.
Added to Register in 1986.
The Register of the National Estate is Australia's national inventory of natural and cultural heritage places which are worth keeping for the future. It is compiled by the Australian Heritage Commission, the Commonwealth Government's adviser on the National Estate.
"The HMVS Cerberus, as the only survivor of its type in the world, illustrates a particular type or phase in the development of naval technology. Its design, by prominent naval architect E. J. Reed of the British Admiralty, is widely regarded by maritime historians as a complete break with established tradition, which had been manifest in sail-powered timber vessels, towards iron clad steam turret ships, the forerunners of the modern battleship. It incorporated developments in metallurgy, steam power, gun turrets and use of low freeboard. The design for the Cerberus was the first in the world to incorporate the combination of a central superstructure with fore and aft gun turrets, mounted on the deck. It was also the first British warship to dispense completely with sail power and to incorporate the shallow draft, a feature which gave it the ability to reduce the amount of target space for enemy fire."
Classified National in 1997.
Classified National in 1997.
Added to list in 2003.
The National Trust of Australia has run an Endangered Places program for the last seven years. It has been the only national advocacy program of the National Trust Movement and is a collaborative program of the eight State and Territory Trusts, coordinated and managed by the Australian Council of National Trusts.
Cerberus was added to the Endangered Places List in 2003 -
"The Cerberus is of international significance as one of the earliest and last remaining 'Monitor' style warships in the world. It was purpose built for Port Phillip Bay in 1870 to protect Melbourne and its gold from foreign attack. It was the flagship of the Victorian Navy - the largest of the Australian colonial navies.
Its heavy iron superstructure, and lighter iron hull (in the pre-torpedo era) was a radical departure from the wooden warships that had previously dominated world navies. It was the first British warship to be powered purely by steam, and the first ship in the world to mount rotating gun turrets on a central superstructure."
Listed in 2007 and 2008.
The HMVS Cerberus is not only of great significance to Australian heritage, but also internationally, as it was one of the World’s first “Monitor” style warships.
The Cerberus was built 1867-69 for the purpose of defending Melbourne’s gold, but went on to serve for 50 years. She was the flagship of the Victorian Colonial Navy before federation and the first capital ship of the Royal Australian Navy in 1911.
Having acted as a breakwater at Black Rock, Victoria since 1926 the majority of the deck in now under water and despite removal of its heavy guns, the hull is under imminent threat of collapse.
It was placed on the National Heritage List in December 2005 but has not yet received any funding to ensure its survival.
As well as being the only intact Monitor style ship to survive anywhere in the world, the Cerberus was itself a turning point in British battleship design. Its ‘floating fortress’ concept included many firsts – full steam power, a central superstructure with protective armoured breastwork, dual revolving gun turrets, low freeboard and a heavily armoured superstructure.
Martin Purslow, CEO of National Trust Victoria, says that the Cerberus marks a significant period in the history of the battleship. “International naval historians recognise Cerberus as a crucial link between the period of timber line-of-battle ships and the more modern battleships”, said Mr Purslow.
“We are very fortunate that this extraordinary vessel survives just a few hundred metres offshore. We are seeking the State and Federal governments to jointly fund the stabilisation of this rare heritage asset, before it is too late.”
Our Heritage at Risk is an Australia wide program run in partnership with Engineers Heritage Australia (EHA), Museums Australia (MA) & the Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA).